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Issue Ranking

Biodiversity and Habitat

Explore how countries perform on each of the issues included in the EPI. Select countries using the chart below. For each country, view the issue rank, score, and trendlines for the issue and indicator(s).

Why isn't my country listed?
Issue Rank & Country
Out of 178 countries
Issue Score
Out of 100
22%
Issue Trend
Ten-year Change
*
*
Terrestrial Protected Areas (National Biome Weights)
Indicator Score
Out of 100
*
Indicator Trend
Ten-year Change
*
*
Terrestrial Protected Areas (Global Biome Weights)
Indicator Score
Out of 100
*
Indicator Trend
Ten-year Change
*
*
Marine Protected Areas
Indicator Score
Out of 100
*
Indicator Trend
Ten-year Change
*
*
Critical Habitat Protection
Indicator Score
Out of 100
*
Indicator Trend
Ten-year Change
*
*
Issue
Rank

Country
Biodiversity and Habitat
Score
Terrestrial Protected Areas (National Biome Weights)
Score(Percentage)
Terrestrial Protected Areas (Global Biome Weights)
Score(Percentage)
Marine Protected Areas
Score(Percentage)
Critical Habitat Protection
Score(Percentage)
1 Botswana 100
100
17
100
17
-
-
-
-
>
1 Slovenia 100
100
17
100
17
-
89.1035
-
-
>
1 Kiribati 100
100
17
100
17
100
22.6071
-
-
>
1 Switzerland 100
100
17
100
17
-
-
-
-
>
1 Germany 100
100
17
100
17
100
26.4435
-
-
>
1 Luxembourg 100
100
17
100
17
-
-
-
-
>
1 Brunei Darussalam 100
100
17
100
17
-
0.0015
-
-
>
1 Zambia 100
100
17
100
17
-
-
-
-
>
1 Estonia 100
100
17
100
17
100
17.3988
-
-
>
10 Serbia 99.78
99.78
16.9619
99.12
16.8497
-
-
-
-
>
11 Zimbabwe 99.52
99.74
16.9562
98.96
16.8239
-
-
100
100
>
12 Belize 98.58
99.93
16.9889
99.67
16.9431
96.15
7.3084
-
-
>
13 Czech Republic 98.35
98.35
16.7187
98.41
16.7296
-
-
-
-
>
14 Central African Republic 97
97
16.4901
97.02
16.4934
-
-
-
-
>
15 United Arab Emirates 96.47
94.8
16.1167
94.61
16.0829
100
15.5994
-
-
>
16 Latvia 95.17
100
17
100
17
85.5
3.6666
-
-
>
17 Bhutan 94.92
94.92
16.1358
96.13
16.3428
-
-
-
-
>
18 Netherlands 94.69
100
17
100
17
84.08
4.3019
-
-
>
19 Namibia 94.39
100
17
100
17
83.16
1.6838
-
-
>
20 Laos 93.85
93.85
15.9551
96.92
16.4758
-
-
-
-
>
21 Saudi Arabia 93.7
100
17
100
17
81.1
0.2958
-
-
>
22 Malaysia 93.37
100
17
100
17
73.49
0.1398
100
100
>
23 Dominican Republic 92.94
75.78
12.882
97.03
16.4947
98.96
8.967
100
100
>
24 Venezuela 92.92
100
17
100
17
85.66
2.0732
86
86
>
25 Kuwait 92.88
100
17
100
17
78.63
1.0435
-
-
>
26 Tonga 92.16
97.2
16.5239
97.2
16.5239
82.09
0.0027
-
-
>
27 Lithuania 91.83
87.75
14.9175
87.75
14.9175
100
-
-
-
>
28 Poland 91.76
100
17
100
17
75.28
0.7571
-
-
>
29 Nicaragua 91.67
91.1
15.4868
91.91
15.6242
92.01
4.3577
-
-
>
30 Equatorial Guinea 91.32
100
17
100
17
65.29
0.2543
100
100
>
31 Uganda 91.31
88.24
15
88.6
15.0617
-
-
100
100
>
32 Guinea-Bissau 89.87
89.87
15.2782
99.36
16.891
-
9.0131
-
-
>
33 Costa Rica 89.55
94.44
16.0554
89.28
15.1777
74.46
0.6716
100
100
>
34 Ecuador 88.09
91.85
15.6142
76.5
13.0043
100
12.9418
84
84
>
35 Jamaica 88.04
81.34
13.8285
95.67
16.2646
75.13
0.7203
100
100
>
36 Malawi 87.81
94.62
16.0851
72.89
12.391
-
-
100
100
>
37 Panama 86.96
92.44
15.7141
76.52
13.0084
78.87
1.0654
100
100
>
38 Austria 86.59
86.59
14.72
93.99
15.9791
-
-
-
-
>
39 Senegal 85.36
99.49
16.9137
79.36
13.4917
77.21
0.8939
-
-
>
40 Slovakia 84.33
84.33
14.3363
91.11
15.4879
-
-
-
-
>
41 Ethiopia 83.78
93.15
15.8355
82.94
14.099
-
-
71
71
>
42 Burkina Faso 83.75
83.75
14.2376
83.75
14.2376
-
-
-
-
>
43 Trinidad and Tobago 83.48
96.18
16.3513
92.05
15.6484
45.68
0.0252
100
100
>
44 Australia 83.08
72.06
12.2498
70.97
12.0647
99.29
10.5135
90
90
>
45 Gabon 82.94
86.49
14.7038
84.84
14.4225
77.49
0.9392
-
-
>
46 Iceland 81.9
85.77
14.5815
91.53
15.56
68.38
0
-
-
>
47 Cote d'Ivoire 81.23
100
17
100
17
57.94
0.1167
67
67
>
48 Bolivia 81.04
95.73
16.2746
91.7
15.5885
-
-
43
43
>
49 Malta 80.96
100
17
100
17
42.88
0.0235
-
-
>
50 Colombia 80.4
89.25
15.1717
77.22
13.1281
99.14
9.1324
56
56
>
51 Armenia 80.16
73.14
12.4339
73.94
12.5706
-
-
100
100
>
52 Italy 79.77
62.69
10.6578
63.18
10.7409
93.19
4.8829
100
100
>
53 Tanzania 79.12
99.86
16.9768
99.72
16.9531
81.91
1.0735
35
35
>
54 Cambodia 78.93
100
17
100
17
36.78
0.0122
-
-
>
55 Indonesia 78.08
82.26
13.9845
87.1
14.8076
88.95
3.0828
54
54
>
56 Niger 77.21
77.21
13.1264
69.83
11.8708
-
-
-
-
>
57 Cyprus 77.03
100
17
100
17
31.08
0
-
-
>
58 Honduras 76.81
82.16
13.9673
79.69
13.5471
65.41
0.0141
80
80
>
59 New Zealand 76.05
83.93
14.2683
84.27
14.3259
100
26.8159
36
36
>
60 Bahamas 75.53
79.55
13.5228
81.77
13.9017
65.26
0.0558
-
-
>
61 Suriname 75.04
57.55
9.7836
83.9
14.2624
83.67
1.7776
-
-
>
62 Japan 73.53
87.8
14.9265
90.78
15.4318
72.56
0.5534
43
43
>
63 Mongolia 73.25
69.27
11.7754
59.41
10.0994
-
-
100
100
>
64 Seychelles 72.42
75.01
12.7513
72.4
12.3083
42.26
0.0236
100
100
>
65 Norway 71.68
76.31
12.9724
78.34
13.317
60.41
4.5236
-
-
>
66 Taiwan 71.39
67.65
11.5003
67.65
11.5003
78.86
0.03
-
-
>
67 Croatia 70.87
71.94
12.2301
55.18
9.3803
85.5
2.2429
-
-
>
68 Peru 70.36
81.34
13.8275
70.39
11.9656
71.7
0.5013
58
58
>
69 Thailand 70.19
76.12
12.9399
51.63
8.7778
82.82
1.4931
-
-
>
70 United Kingdom 70.11
100
17
100
17
80.43
30.2108
0
0
>
71 Bulgaria 68.85
100
17
100
17
6.55
0.0055
-
-
>
72 Kenya 67.96
77.58
13.1891
69.76
11.8598
74.51
0.6119
50
50
>
73 Denmark 67.74
74.74
12.7063
74.74
12.7063
53.74
1.6716
-
-
>
74 Sri Lanka 67.7
85.21
14.4852
97.14
16.5133
53.45
0.0725
35
35
>
75 Brazil 66.74
82.4
14.0075
73.54
12.5015
81.04
1.5466
30
30
>
76 China 66.63
64.33
10.9366
80.41
13.6698
67.76
0.2247
54
54
>
77 Greece 66.49
95.73
16.2748
96.11
16.3388
74.1
0.6489
0
0
>
78 Dominica 66.29
80.06
13.6101
85.12
14.4702
0
0
100
100
>
78 Congo 66.29
55
9.3499
55.34
9.408
88.53
3.0426
-
-
>
80 Benin 65.88
98.86
16.8055
98.79
16.7936
0
0
-
-
>
81 Egypt 65.26
65.81
11.1885
37.96
6.453
92.01
4.2973
-
-
>
82 Philippines 64.67
63.89
10.8607
76.24
12.9614
78.56
0.9171
40
40
>
83 Portugal 64.36
50.3
8.5508
48.82
8.2987
58.33
0.1225
100
100
>
84 South Africa 63.96
38.22
6.4978
42.62
7.245
100
0.4118
75
75
>
85 Romania 63.51
40.13
6.8228
51.12
8.6909
99.26
9.217
-
-
>
86 United States of America 63.35
49.58
8.428
59.81
10.1684
100
11.9885
44
44
>
87 Albania 63.19
58.79
9.9949
57.06
9.7002
73.71
0.6116
-
-
>
88 Mozambique 63.17
90.84
15.4425
95.44
16.2256
66.38
0.282
0
0
>
89 Sweden 62.38
47.29
8.0401
50.31
8.5521
89.54
3.3614
-
-
>
90 Mexico 62.32
62.93
10.698
66.46
11.298
82.89
1.6387
37
37
>
91 Finland 61.86
50.21
8.5364
50.49
8.5828
84.88
2.1248
-
-
>
92 Nepal 61.79
61.79
10.5047
42.63
7.2469
-
-
-
-
>
93 Antigua and Barbuda 60.92
38
6.4608
60.64
10.3095
45.05
0.0297
100
100
>
94 Timor-Leste 60.43
50.89
8.6517
50.89
8.6517
79.51
1.1448
-
-
>
95 Chile 60.16
60.64
10.3087
47.39
8.0568
92.62
4.5801
40
40
>
96 Azerbaijan 58.66
58.66
9.973
68.89
11.7121
-
-
-
-
>
97 Canada 58.4
49.33
8.386
58.01
9.861
76.28
3.4888
50
50
>
98 Belgium 57.56
86.34
14.6771
86.34
14.6771
0
0
-
-
>
99 Guatemala 57.55
80.11
13.6189
53.82
9.1488
76.26
0.8144
20
20
>
100 Nigeria 57.54
75.96
12.9133
58.22
9.8979
45.96
0.0327
50
50
>
101 Spain 56.56
50.34
8.5581
46.11
7.839
73.21
0.013
-
-
>
102 Rwanda 56.32
56.32
9.5748
59.76
10.1599
-
-
-
-
>
103 Cuba 56.06
37.17
6.3186
54.24
9.2208
82.84
1.0388
50
50
>
104 Chad 55.34
55.34
9.4085
51.22
8.7082
-
-
-
-
>
105 France 54.45
80.81
13.7381
86.62
14.7256
50.38
0.1279
0
0
>
106 Russia 53.39
61.08
10.3833
64.28
10.9278
88.21
2.8729
0
0
>
107 Montenegro 51.6
77.82
13.2286
77
13.0899
0
0
-
-
>
108 South Korea 50.4
36.3
6.1718
36.3
6.1718
78.58
1.0393
-
-
>
109 Singapore 46.33
28.47
4.8395
28.47
4.8395
82.04
0.0314
-
-
>
110 Cameroon 45.67
55.56
9.4452
65.11
11.0681
0
0
62
62
>
111 Argentina 44.88
29.1
4.9474
35.9
6.1024
64.53
0.2271
50
50
>
112 Dem. Rep. Congo 44.85
59.86
10.1756
59.75
10.158
-
19.7842
0
0
>
113 Togo 44.23
66.28
11.2669
66.41
11.2897
0
0
-
-
>
114 Palau 43.95
65.92
11.2061
65.92
11.2061
0
0
-
-
>
115 Mauritius 43.7
28.32
4.8138
28.32
4.8138
18.17
0.0014
100
100
>
116 Viet Nam 43.39
36.46
6.1977
21.17
3.5985
72.93
0.5718
43
43
>
117 Oman 42.28
61.74
10.4953
53.99
9.1785
53.4
0.0721
0
0
>
118 Angola 41.7
65.54
11.1419
62.37
10.6028
38.89
0.0228
0
0
>
119 Ukraine 41.46
20.17
3.4281
22.39
3.8071
81.82
1.0192
-
-
>
120 Pakistan 41.43
58.4
9.9282
51.11
8.6889
56.2
0.1477
0
0
>
121 Belarus 41.25
41.25
7.0126
41.25
7.0126
-
-
-
-
>
122 Guinea 41
39.78
6.7626
24.24
4.1207
0
0
100
100
>
123 Bangladesh 39.68
11.26
1.9135
30.5
5.1853
77.27
0.9033
-
-
>
124 Israel 39.34
71.89
12.2205
40.47
6.8798
45.01
0.0362
0
0
>
125 India 39.18
27.61
4.6933
36.33
6.1758
60.79
0.1163
32
32
>
126 Fiji 37.98
16.45
2.7963
18.27
3.1066
77.21
0.908
40
40
>
127 Madagascar 37.08
18.6
3.1618
18.07
3.0722
68.66
0.2764
43
43
>
128 Iran 37.06
40.3
6.8518
34.39
5.8462
73.54
0.6086
0
0
>
129 Gambia 37.05
23.96
4.0725
34.64
5.8887
52.56
0.066
-
-
>
130 Algeria 34.86
37.12
6.3096
19.43
3.3035
48.04
0.0023
-
-
>
131 Ghana 34.26
78.03
13.2653
59.02
10.0327
0
0
0
0
>
132 Mauritania 32.63
3.16
0.5372
2.54
0.4312
92.2
4.3806
-
-
>
133 Turkey 32.62
13.7
2.3282
14.34
2.4379
77.46
0.1947
25
25
>
134 Paraguay 31.2
31.2
5.304
31.46
5.3485
-
-
-
-
>
134 Morocco 31.2
20.12
3.4201
12.44
2.114
61.05
0.7389
-
-
>
136 Tunisia 31.08
7.4
1.2584
18.81
3.198
67.02
0.0035
-
-
>
137 Burundi 30.29
30.29
5.1499
30.5
5.1851
-
-
-
-
>
138 Georgia 29.59
44.53
7.5704
44.24
7.5209
0
0
-
-
>
139 Hungary 29.57
29.57
5.0261
29.57
5.0261
-
-
-
-
>
140 Myanmar 28.62
36.02
6.123
25.86
4.396
52.61
0.0705
0
0
>
141 Macedonia 27.54
27.54
4.6824
46.85
7.9639
-
-
-
-
>
142 Vanuatu 27.46
24.34
4.137
24.34
4.137
33.72
0.0016
-
-
>
143 Papua New Guinea 25.68
14.23
2.4193
12.52
2.1281
61.97
0.1788
14
14
>
144 Uruguay 24.62
2.67
0.4541
2.68
0.4564
68.49
0.3204
-
-
>
145 El Salvador 24.53
5.56
0.9449
3.98
0.6773
64.03
0.2227
-
-
>
146 Tajikistan 24.28
24.28
4.1282
33.94
5.7695
-
-
-
-
>
147 Yemen 23.59
3.29
0.5589
3.29
0.5589
64.21
0
-
-
>
148 Sierra Leone 23.54
37.74
6.4158
32.87
5.5883
0
0
-
-
>
149 Syria 23.44
3.76
0.6389
3.28
0.5569
63.28
0
-
-
>
150 Ireland 18.74
10.36
1.7616
10.36
1.7616
35.49
0.0099
-
-
>
151 Guyana 18.66
29.98
5.0965
26
4.42
0
0.0072
-
-
>
152 Eritrea 17.94
28.28
4.8076
25.55
4.3433
0
0
-
-
>
153 Turkmenistan 17.86
17.86
3.0363
21.94
3.729
-
-
-
-
>
154 Swaziland 17.69
17.69
3.0066
17.41
2.9604
-
-
-
-
>
155 Solomon Islands 17.58
8.45
1.4364
8.45
1.4364
53.41
0.0758
0
0
>
156 Sudan 16.29
5.77
0.9815
2.81
0.4772
40.28
0.0001
-
-
>
157 Kyrgyzstan 15.77
20.21
3.4359
21.83
3.7115
-
-
0
0
>
158 Djibouti 15.45
0.01
0.0009
0.01
0.0009
61.78
0.1754
0
0
>
159 Mali 14.3
14.3
2.4318
19.92
3.3868
-
-
-
-
>
160 Kazakhstan 14.11
14.11
2.3993
19.58
3.3278
-
-
-
-
>
161 Uzbekistan 12.87
12.87
2.1874
23.24
3.9502
-
-
-
-
>
162 Jordan 8.52
8.52
1.4485
7.5
1.275
-
0
-
-
>
163 Qatar 8.47
12.7
2.1591
12.7
2.1591
0
0
-
-
>
164 Moldova 7.51
7.51
1.276
7.14
1.2146
-
0.0219
-
-
>
165 Cape Verde 7.32
14.64
2.4894
14.64
2.4894
0
0
0
0
>
166 Bahrain 4.99
7.48
1.2718
7.48
1.2718
0
0
-
-
>
167 Liberia 4.13
10.35
1.7588
6.19
1.0524
0
0
0
0
>
168 Grenada 3.74
11.18
1.9013
3.77
0.6408
0
0
0
0
>
169 Afghanistan 2.52
2.19
0.3729
4.53
0.7695
-
-
0
0
>
170 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.5
2.5
0.425
2.5
0.425
-
-
-
-
>
171 Barbados 2.28
0.54
0.0915
0.54
0.0915
8.03
0.0003
0
0
>
172 Somalia 1.75
3.43
0.5838
3.56
0.6053
0
0
0
0
>
173 Lebanon 1.71
2.56
0.4353
2.56
0.4353
0
0
-
-
>
174 Lesotho 1.3
1.3
0.2206
1.3
0.2206
-
-
-
-
>
175 Haiti 1.09
1.59
0.27
2.76
0.469
0
1.3416
0
0
>
176 Libya 0.89
0.63
0.1077
2.03
0.3456
0
0
-
-
>
177 Iraq 0
0
0
0
0
-
0
-
-
>
177 Comoros 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
>

Download the raw data for this indicator here.

Country Rankings

See how all 178 countries rank on the 2014 EPI.

Methods

The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is constructed through the calculation and aggregation of 20 indicators reflecting national-level environmental data. These indicators are combined into nine issue categories, each of which fit under one of two overarching objectives. Click on "Learn More" to explore the complete methods.
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